Safety I And Safety Ii PDF Download

Safety I and Safety II PDF
Author: Erik Hollnagel
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1317059794
Size: 22.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 200
View: 3312

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Safety I And Safety Ii Book Description:

Safety has traditionally been defined as a condition where the number of adverse outcomes was as low as possible (Safety-I). From a Safety-I perspective, the purpose of safety management is to make sure that the number of accidents and incidents is kept as low as possible, or as low as is reasonably practicable. This means that safety management must start from the manifestations of the absence of safety and that - paradoxically - safety is measured by counting the number of cases where it fails rather than by the number of cases where it succeeds. This unavoidably leads to a reactive approach based on responding to what goes wrong or what is identified as a risk - as something that could go wrong. Focusing on what goes right, rather than on what goes wrong, changes the definition of safety from ’avoiding that something goes wrong’ to ’ensuring that everything goes right’. More precisely, Safety-II is the ability to succeed under varying conditions, so that the number of intended and acceptable outcomes is as high as possible. From a Safety-II perspective, the purpose of safety management is to ensure that as much as possible goes right, in the sense that everyday work achieves its objectives. This means that safety is managed by what it achieves (successes, things that go right), and that likewise it is measured by counting the number of cases where things go right. In order to do this, safety management cannot only be reactive, it must also be proactive. But it must be proactive with regard to how actions succeed, to everyday acceptable performance, rather than with regard to how they can fail, as traditional risk analysis does. This book analyses and explains the principles behind both approaches and uses this to consider the past and future of safety management practices. The analysis makes use of common examples and cases from domains such as aviation, nuclear power production, process management and health care. The final chapters explain the theoret

Still Not Safe PDF Download

Still Not Safe PDF
Author: Robert Wears
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190271264
Size: 19.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 3298

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Still Not Safe Book Description:

The term "patient safety" rose to popularity in the late nineties, as the medical community -- in particular, physicians working in nonmedical and administrative capacities -- sought to raise awareness of the tens of thousands of deaths in the US attributed to medical errors each year. But what was causing these medical errors? And what made these accidents to rise to epidemic levels, seemingly overnight? Still Not Safe is the story of the rise of the patient-safety movement -- and how an "epidemic" of medical errors was derived from a reality that didn't support such a characterization. Physician Robert Wears and organizational theorist Kathleen Sutcliffe trace the origins of patient safety to the emergence of market trends that challenged the place of doctors in the larger medical ecosystem: the rise in medical litigation and physicians' aversion to risk; institutional changes in the organization and control of healthcare; and a bureaucratic movement to "rationalize" medical practice -- to make a hospital run like a factory. If these social factors challenged the place of practitioners, then the patient-safety movement provided a means for readjustment. In spite of relatively constant rates of medical errors in the preceding decades, the "epidemic" was announced in 1999 with the publication of the Institute of Medicine report To Err Is Human; the reforms that followed came to be dominated by the very professions it set out to reform. Weaving together narratives from medicine, psychology, philosophy, and human performance, Still Not Safe offers a counterpoint to the presiding, doctor-centric narrative of contemporary American medicine. It is certain to raise difficult, important questions around the state of our healthcare system -- and provide an opening note for other challenging conversations.

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Author: Андерс Ерікссон
Publisher: Наш формат
ISBN: 6177552374
Size: 78.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : uk
Pages : 256
View: 349

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Book Description:

Якщо ви мрієте досягти вершин професіоналізму, є дві новини — приємна й не надто. Почнімо з другої. Навіть якщо ви присвятите певній справі дуже багато часу, немає гарантії, що рухатиметеся вперед. Популярна формула «10 тисяч годин, щоб стати експертом» є неефективною, стверджує психолог Андерс Ерікссон. Приємна новина в тому, що шлях до вершини існує й дістатися туди може будь-хто. Психолог протягом 30 років вивчав історії видатних людей із різних сфер — олімпійських чемпіонів, гросмейстерів, піаністів-віртуозів — та дійшов висновку, що таємниця криється у здатності обрати правильну модель навчання і вмінні сконцентруватися на потрібних навичках.

Resilient Health Care Volume 3 PDF Download

Resilient Health Care  Volume 3 PDF
Author: Jeffrey Braithwaite
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781498780568
Size: 21.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 210
View: 648

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Resilient Health Care Volume 3 Book Description:

This book is the 3rd volume in the Resilient Health Care series. Resilient health care is a product of both the policy and managerial efforts to organize, fund and improve services, and the clinical care which is delivered directly to patients. This volume continues the lines of thought in the first two books. Where the first volume provided the rationale and basic concepts of RHC and the second teased out the everyday clinical activities which adjust and vary to create safe care, this book will look more closely at the connections between the sharp and blunt ends. Doing so will break new ground, since the systematic study in patient safety to date with few exceptions has been limited.

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Author: Ренсом Ріггз
Publisher: Family Leisure Club
ISBN: 6171212342
Size: 25.74 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Fiction
Languages : uk
Pages :
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Book Description:

Таємничий острів. Покинутий притулок. Після жахливої ​​сімейної трагедії Джейкоб опинився в цьому загадковому місці. Підліток знайшов руїни старого будинку і з`ясував, що тут жили дуже дивні діти. Він починає розуміти, що на цьому відлюдному острові діти опинилися невипадково — їх здібності були воістину неймовірними і небезпечними! І хоча будинок давно зруйнований, можливо, вони досі живі. А зовсім скоро Джейкоб з жахом усвідомлює, що він — один з них... Книга проілюстрована унікальними старовинними фотографіями.

Resilient Health Care PDF Download

Resilient Health Care PDF
Author: Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780367558031
Size: 31.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 200
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Resilient Health Care Book Description:

"This book promotes an understanding and a greater level of resilient health care. The book provides an awareness to health care workers of the purposeful muddling that so evocatively describes their work, so that they are more informed, and become better able to function and operate in the multitude of complex ecosystems we call "healthcare". This book argues the case for the importance of recognising and understanding muddling behaviours, practices and activities in order to create resilient care. The book demonstrates how resilient health care principles can enable those on the frontlines to work more effectively towards interdisciplinary care by gaining a deeper understanding of real-world practices that manifest in everyday clinical settings. This is done by presenting a set of case studies, theoretical chapters, and applications that relate experiences, bring forth ideas, and illustrate practical solutions. Primarily aimed at people who are directly involved in the running and improvement of health care systems, providing them with practical guidance. It is also direct interest to health care professionals in clinical and managerial positions as well as researchers"--

Resilient Health Care Volume 2 PDF Download

Resilient Health Care  Volume 2 PDF
Author: Robert L. Wears
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472437845
Size: 44.88 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 6637

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Resilient Health Care Volume 2 Book Description:

Health systems everywhere are expected to meet increasing public and political demands for accessible, high-quality care. Policy-makers, managers, and clinicians use their best efforts to improve efficiency, safety, quality, and economic viability. One solution has been to mimic approaches that have been shown to work in other domains, such as quality management, lean production, and high reliability. In the enthusiasm for such solutions, scant attention has been paid to the fact that health care as a multifaceted system differs significantly from most traditional industries. Solutions based on linear thinking in engineered systems do not work well in complicated, multi-stakeholder non-engineered systems, of which health care is a leading example. A prerequisite for improving health care and making it more resilient is that the nature of everyday clinical work be well understood. Yet the focus of the majority of policy or management solutions, as well as that of accreditation and regulation, is work as it ought to be (also known as ‘work-as-imagined’). The aim of policy-makers and managers, whether the priority is safety, quality, or efficiency, is therefore to make everyday clinical work - or work-as-done - comply with work-as-imagined. This fails to recognise that this normative conception of work is often oversimplified, incomplete, and outdated. There is therefore an urgent need to better understand everyday clinical work as it is done. Despite the common focus on deviations and failures, it is undeniable that clinical work goes right far more often than it goes wrong, and that we only can make it better if we understand how this happens. This second volume of Resilient Health Care continues the line of thinking of the first book, but takes it further through a range of chapters from leading international thinkers on resilience and health care. Where the first book provided the rationale and basic concepts of RHC, the Resilience of Everyday Clinical Work breaks new ground by analysing everyday work situations in primary, secondary, and tertiary care to identify and describe the fundamental strategies that clinicians everywhere have developed and use with a fluency that belies the demands to be resolved and the dilemmas to be balanced. Because everyday clinical work is at the heart of resilience, it is essential to appreciate how it functions, and to understand its characteristics.

Resilience Engineering In Practice Volume 2 PDF Download

Resilience Engineering in Practice  Volume 2 PDF
Author: Dr Christopher P Nemeth
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472425170
Size: 73.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 5445

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Resilience Engineering In Practice Volume 2 Book Description:

This is the fifth book published within the Ashgate Studies in Resilience Engineering series. The first volume introduced resilience engineering broadly. The second and third volumes established the research foundation for the real-world applications that then were described in the fourth volume: Resilience Engineering in Practice. The current volume continues this development by focusing on the role of resilience in the development of solutions. Since its inception, the development of resilience engineering as a concept and a field of practice has insisted on expanding the scope from a preoccupation with failure to include also the acceptable everyday functioning of a system or an organisation. The preoccupation with failures and adverse outcomes focuses on situations where something goes wrong and the tries to keep the number of such events and their (adverse) outcomes as low as possible. The aim of resilience engineering and of this volume is to describe how safety can change from being protective to become productive and increase the number of things that go right by improving the resilience of the system.